Physical activity is associated with less comorbidity, better treatment tolerance and improved response in patients with multiple myeloma undergoing…

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J Geriatr Oncol. 2020 Nov 20:S1879-4068(20)30495-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jgo.2020.11.003. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common hematological malignancy. Progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) have substantially improved, nonetheless MM usually remains incurable. Patients with active disease may be affected by numerous comorbidities, including fatigue, depression and osteolytic lesions, which influence their quality of life (QoL). Albeit, it is known that exercising is beneficial for patients QoL, few clinical trials are available in patients with MM. We therefore aimed to compare comorbidities and clinical outcome in physically active and inactive patients with MM.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We defined physical activity according to WHO criteria (150 min of moderate activity and two sessions of resistance training/week). We matched 53 physically active patients with 53 controls (for age, gender, cytogenetics, disease stage, and therapy) and compared the cohorts for incidence of comorbidities/MM symptoms (osteolytic lesions, anemia, infections, fatigue, depression, Revised-Myeloma Comorbidity Index [R-MCI]) and clinical outcome (treatment tolerance, responses to therapy, PFS and OS) in a retrospective audit. All patients were newly diagnosed with MM and received autologous stem cell transplantations (ASCT) between 2001 and 2017.

RESULTS: Physically active patients showed superior outcomes in R-MCI (p = 0.0005), fatigue (p = 0.0063), treatment tolerance (p = 0.0258) and hospital stays (p = 0.0072). Furthermore, they showed better treatment responses (p = 0.0366), especially complete remission (CR; p = 0.0018) as well as better OS and PFS.

CONCLUSION: Physical activity in patients with MM undergoing ASCT seemed associated with better overall clinical outcome. Randomized clinical trials are required to understand the benefits and devise strategies for improving exercising among patients with MM.

PMID:33223484 | DOI:10.1016/j.jgo.2020.11.003

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Physical activity is associated with less comorbidity, better treatment tolerance and improved response in patients with multiple myeloma undergoing...

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