The Spine Center: Stem Cell | Charles Theofilis, M.D.

Where do the Adult Mesenchymal Stem Cells come from? In adults, stem cells are present in a variety of tissues and bones. For Dr. Theofilos pioneering treatment, the most common sources of stem cells are bone marrow or fat (or adipose) tissue. During these treatments, only the patients own cells are used.

How Is Stem Cell Therapy Performed? Dr. Theofilos has a unique, three-step approach to prepare the area for stem cells which increases the success rate of these treatments.

The following technique is done in his office procedure suite: Dr. Theofilos takes a patients own blood and spins it in a specialized centrifuge to isolate large amounts of a specific protective protein. The isolated enzyme is then injected directly into the patients joints to neutralize the bad enzymes and prepare for the arriving stem cells. The stem cells harvested from the patients own body are then injected into the optimized spinal discs or joints. A specialized mixture of growth factors and proteins that were previously isolated from the patients blood is injected, neutralizing the acidity in the body caused by injured spinal discs, vertebrae or joints, which improves the regenerative process.

How do Adult Mesenchymal Stem Cells know what type of tissue or bone to develop into? Adult Mesenchymal Stem Cells are a specific type of cell that has the ability to match the identity of the cells around them through a process known as cell signaling. For example, Adult Mesenchymal Stem Cells delivered to the damaged bone can develop into bone cells or joints to develop into cartilage to aid in tissue repair.

Will my body reject the adult stem cells? No, since they are your own cells collected from your tissue there is little chance of rejection.

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The Spine Center: Stem Cell | Charles Theofilis, M.D.

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