Correlation of whole-bone marrow dual-time-point (18)F-FDG, as measured by a CT-based method of PET/CT quantification, with response to treatment in…

This article was originally published here

Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2020 Oct 15;10(5):257-264. eCollection 2020.

ABSTRACT

The practical application of dual-time-point-imaging (DTPI) technique still remains controversial. One of the issues is that current parameters of DTPI quantification suffer from some deficiencies, mainly limited sampling of the diseased sites by confining measurements to specific locations. We aimed to examine the correlation between the percent change from early to delayed scans in whole-bone marrow (WBM) 18F-FDG uptake, as measured by a CT-based method of PET/CT quantification, and response to treatment in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Pre-treatment 18F-FDG-PET/CT scans of 36 newly diagnosed MM patients were collected in a prospective study at 1 h and 3 h post tracer injection (NCT02187731). A threshold algorithm based on bone Hounsfield units on CT was applied to segment and quantify WBM 18F-FDG uptake. Patients were separated into two treatment groups: high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplant (HDT) and non-high dose therapy (non-HDT). The International Response Criteria for MM patients was used to determine each patients response to treatment. In the HDT group, WBM 18F-FDG uptake increased significantly in patients that had a poor response to treatment, from a median of 1.31 (IQR: 1.13-1.64) at 1 h to a median of 1.85 (1.45-2.10) at 3 h. The median percent change was 37.77% (IQR: 23.47-46.4), with a range of 6.10-50.73 (P = 0.003). However, no significant change in uptake was observed in patients with a complete response (P = 0.24). The same trend was observed for the non-HDT group. WBM uptake of 18F-FDG assessed with dual-time-point imaging may have a role in predicting treatment response in MM.

PMID:33224622 | PMC:PMC7675111

See the original post:
Correlation of whole-bone marrow dual-time-point (18)F-FDG, as measured by a CT-based method of PET/CT quantification, with response to treatment in...

Related Post